What Is Nginx Server and What Does It Do?
The pronunciation is “engine-ex.” It is a prominent open-source web server software. In October 2004, it was released officially and worked for the HTTP web serving. As follows, you learn about what nginx is and its benefits.
What Is Nginx Server?
However, it serves as the HTTP load balancer, reverse proxy, and email proxy for the POP3, SMTP, and IMAP. Igor Sysoev, the creator of it, commenced his project in 2002. The primary purpose of establishing this project is to answer the C10K problem. The term C10K is defined as the challenge of managing ten thousand connections simultaneously.
There are numerous connections that a web server has to handle at this present time during work. Due to it, Nginx provides an event-driven and asynchronous architecture to the company.
It is an excellent feature of Nginx, making it a reliable server, especially for the speed and scalability, as it can handle numerous connections and speed. Hence, websites with high traffic use this service. These include Google, Netflix, WordPress.com, and so on.
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What Does Nginx Do?
What is nginx used for? It is developed for offering low memory usage and excellent concurrency.
How Does Nginx Work?
How nginx processes a request? Instead of creating new processes for every web request, Nginx uses an asynchronous, event-driven approach. In this, the requests are handled in a single thread. Moreover, one master process can control the various worker processes in it.
After that, the masterworks on the worker processes, while the workers pay attention to the exact processing. As Nginx is asynchronous, so the worker works on handling every request. Even the workers do not block any other request.
Here is the list of some features which you can observe on the webserver:
- Reverse proxy with caching
- Load Balancing
- FastCGI support with caching
- Handling of static files, index files, and auto-indexing
- TLS/SSL with the SNI
Advantages of Nginx
- The configuration and installation is very easy
- Fastest and the best for serving the static files on the company
- Dynamic Content transformed into static content.
- It has the ability to handle four times more concurrent connections in contrast to Apache.
- Compatibility with usually used web apps.
- It offers excellent Load Balancing Support
- It is fruitful in making the websites faster by enabling them to achieve a higher ranking by Google.
- There is no risk of switching.
- The professional team offers the support service at all times.
- Use the unique opportunity for trying something new.
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Nginx vs Apache
Until here, you know what is nginx and how it works. When it comes to the prominent server, there is enormous competition between these two. With the help of comparison, users will know which one is best and appropriate for them. The below-mentioned information is all about the comparison between the Nginx and Apache.
1- OS Support
What you need to consider while selecting the software is compatibility. These are run on different operating systems that support the UNIX system. On the other side, the performance of Nginx on the window is not worthy as compared to the other platforms.
2- User Support
Whether you are a professional user or the first-timer user, they always seek an excellent community. In addition to it, a good society is fruitful for them when they face any obstacle. Moreover, NGINX and Apache offer mailing support and stack overflow forums. However, apache has lacked support from the Apache Foundation company.
The main feature of Nginx is that it can simultaneously operate 1000 connections of the static content. It is two faster as compared to the Apache and requires less memory. In addition, they both offer the same speed when compared based on the performance of running the same content. If you have a static website, then Nginx is a top choice.
It is also accurate to say that both offer quality performance. Undoubtedly, they are flexible, powerful, and careful. Choosing the server that works best for your needs and fulfills your requirements is essential.
In addition to it, first and foremost consider all of your requirements then choose the best one. If you choose the best according to your requirement, you will get plenty of benefits. Otherwise, you may suffer from numerous problems.
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Nginx prefers the non-synchronized and event-driven architecture for dealing with or handling the prodigious load. It is designed to bear the high loads and loads that vary wildly in its strides. Moreover, due to its lightweight source use, it has become a popular choice. The masses who use the Nginx find that it is the best and supreme at serving static content with efficiency and speed. So, you can also give preference to it.
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The inference of complete analysis is that it fulfills all of your requirements. This is why administrators choose the Nginx for its resource efficiency and responsiveness. So, to get the best result make sure to rely on this webserver. However, make sure that you choose the best web server software per your requirements. If you need extra details, check this article too.