What Is Nginx Server and What Does It Do?
What Is Nginx Server?
The pronunciation is “engine-ex”. It is a prominent open-source web server software. When it was released, then it In October 2004, it was released officially and worked for the HTTP web serving. However, it serves as the HTTP load balancer, reverse proxy, and email proxy for the POP3, SMTP, and IMAP. Igor Sysoev, the creator of it, commenced his project in the year 2002. The primary purpose of establishing this project is to answer the C10K problem. The term C10K is defined as the challenge of management of ten thousand connections simultaneously.
At this present time, there are numerous connections which a web server has to handle during work. Due to it, Nginx provides an event-driven and asynchronous architecture to the company. It is an excellent feature of Nginx, making it a reliable server, especially for the speed and scalability as it can handle numerous connections and speed. Hence, websites with high traffic use this service. These include Google, Netflix, WordPress.com, and so on.
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How Does Nginx Work?
It is developed for offering low memory usage and excellent concurrency. It uses an asynchronous, event-driven approach instead of developing new processes for every web request. In this, the requests are handled in a single thread. Moreover, in it, one master process can control the various worker processes.
After that, the masterworks on the worker processes, while the workers pay attention to the exact processing. As Nginx is asynchronous, so the worker works on handling every request. Even the workers do not block any other request.
Here is the list of some features which you can observe in the web server:
- Reverse proxy with caching
- Load Balancing
- FastCGI support with caching
- Handling of static files, index files, and auto-indexing
- TLS/SSL with the SNI
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Advantages of Nginx
- The configuration and installation is very easy
- Fastest and the best for serving the static files on the company
- Dynamic Content transformed into static content.
- It has the ability to handle four times more concurrent connections in contrast to Apache.
- Compatibility with usually used web apps.
- It offers excellent Load Balancing Support
- It is fruitful in making the websites faster by enabling them to achieve a higher ranking by Google.
- There is no risk of switching.
- The professional team offers the support service at all times.
- Use the unique opportunity for trying something new.
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Nginx vs Apache
When it comes to the prominent server, then there is enormous competition between these two. With the help of comparison, users will be able to know which one is best and appropriate for them. The below-mentioned information is all about the comparison between the Nginx and Apache.
1- OS Support
What you need to consider while selecting the software is compatibility. Both of these are run on different operating systems which support the UNIX system. On the other side, the performance of Nginx on the window is not worthy as compared to the other platforms.
2- User Support
Either you are a professional user or the first-timer user; they always seek an excellent community. In addition to it, a good community is fruitful for them when they face any obstacle. Moreover, NGINX and Apache offer mailing support and stack overflow forums. However, apache has a lack of support from the company that is the Apache Foundation.
The main feature of Nginx is that it can simultaneously operate 1000 connections of the static content. It is two faster as compared to the Apache and requires less memory. In addition, they both offer the same speed when compared based on the performance of running the same content. If you have a static website, then Nginx is a top choice.
It is also accurate to say that both offer the quality of performance. Undoubtedly, they are flexible, powerful, and careful. It is essential to choose the server that works best for your needs and fulfills your requirements.
In addition to it, first and foremost consider all of your requirements then choose the best one. This is because if you choose the best according to your requirement, then you will get plenty of benefits. Otherwise, you may suffer from numerous problems.
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Nginx prefers the non-synchronized and event-driven architecture for dealing with or handling the prodigious load. It is designed so that it can bear the high loads and loads that vary wildly in its strides. Moreover, due to it, lightweight use of the source, it becomes a popular choice. The masses who use the Nginx find that it is best and supreme at serving the static content with efficiency and speed. So, you can also give preference to it.
The inference of complete analysis is that it fulfills all of your requirements. This is a reason that administrators choose the Nginx for its resource efficiency and responsiveness. So, in order to get the best result make sure to rely on this web server. However, make sure that you choose the best web server software as per your requirements. If you need extra details check this article too.